Apache设置禁止访问网站目录(目录列表显示文件)

2016-12-11 12:45 阅读 1,637 次 评论 0 条

默认apache在当前目录下没有index.html入口就会显示目录。让目录暴露在外面是非常危险的事,如下操作禁止apache显示目录,希望文章对各位有帮助。

 

进入apache的配置文件 httpd.conf找到:

OptionsIndexes FollowSymLinks

修改为:

OptionsFollowSymLinks

 

其实就是将Indexes去掉,Indexes表示若当前目录没有index.html就会显示目录结构。

 

1. 禁止访问某些文件/目录
增加Files选项来控制,比如要不允许访问.inc 扩展名的文件,保护php类库:
<Files ~ ".inc$">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</Files>

禁止访问某些指定的目录:(可以用<DirectoryMatch>   来进行正则匹配)
<Directory ~ "^/var/www/(.+/)*[0-9]{3}">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</Directory>

通过文件匹配来进行禁止,比如禁止所有针对图片的访问:
<FilesMatch .(?i:gif|jpe?g|png)$>
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</FilesMatch>

针对URL相对路径的禁止访问:
<Location /dir/>
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</Location>

 

 

 

配置示例:

<Directory "E:/Program Files/ApacheSoftware Foundation/Apache2.2/htdocs">
#
# Possible values for the Options directive are"None", "All",
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinksSymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
#
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named*explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you.
#
# The Options directive is both complicated andimportant. Please see
#http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.
# 就是这一行,只去掉indexes也可
#Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
Options FollowSymLinks
#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may beplaced in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None",or any combination of the keywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
AllowOverride None
#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>
建议默认情况下,设置APACHE禁止用户浏览目录内容。

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